Monday, May 25, 2020
The Complete Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi The Veil The reader is introduced to Marjane at 10 in Iran, 1980. She goes to school and wears a veil, just like everyone else. The women in Iran donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to wear a veil The new regime in Iran made it mandatory for women to wear a veil. They also segregated the schools between girls and boys Marjane says she wants to be a prophet The school thinks itÃ¢â¬â¢s weird that she wants to be a prophet, so they call her parents Even though she wants to be a prophet, she tells her parents she wants to be a doctor The Bicycle The regime burned down a movie theater with a bunch of people in it Marjane wants to participate in the protest thatÃ¢â¬â¢s being organized against the police, but her parents wonÃ¢â¬â¢t let her go That night, she talks to God, but he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t respond. The Water Cell MarjaneÃ¢â¬â¢s parents go to protest demonstrations against the king everyday Marjane has trouble understanding this because her textbook says that God chose the king Her dad tells her how the king actually came to power: the British put him there to try and take control of IranÃ¢â¬â¢s oil The ruler that was kicked out was her grandfather, who was a prince Her grandfather briefly served as prime minister, but he opposed the new regime and was sent to prison Prison was terrible. One night, he was in a water filled cell for hours That night, Marjane stayed in the bath for a long time to try and understand what her grandfather went through Persepolis MarjaneÃ¢â¬â¢s grandmother comesShow MoreRelatedThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi Essay2019 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageslargely affected the views of Iranians by other nations. The graphic novel, The Complete Persepolis, written by Marjane Satrapi (Satrapi, 2003), conveys many of these events and changes through the eyes of a child growing up in the 1980s in Iran. SatrapiÃ¢â¬â¢s main purpose for this book is to describe how the Iranian government was corrupt, causing foreign nations to have a tainted view of all Iranian citizens. The Complete Persepolis does so by presenting major events and changes in a manner that is directedRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi2268 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages Review of Literature While I will pull from other sources, the main focus of this paper will be The Complete Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi. Throughout this graphic novel, Satrapi tells her life story and what it was like growing up in Iran. In the opening illustrations, she describes her childhood and her transition from a secular school to one that was religious and separated by gender. At this time it had become law for a woman to wear the veil, or head scarf when in public. Iran transitionedRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThroughout The Complete Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi the idea of inequality is introduced through several examples. Marjane Satrapi uses the title to comment on inequality in all aspects of MarjaneÃ¢â¬â¢s life, including gender, religious, economic, and racial status. Although there are several forms of inequality that the title attempts to highlight within the story, it focuses primarily on the issues of gender inequality by compa ring the issues that Marjane faces due to her gender and comparing itRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi903 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In The Complete Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi, the genre choice of the graphic novel vividly portrays the life-experience that Satrapi herself gone through as a youth growing up in Iran back in the 1980s. Satrapi utilizes a unique drawing style to emphasize the influence that the Islamic Republic has brought to her. The recurring action of teachers implanting Islamic values in children throughout MarjaneÃ¢â¬â¢s education in Iran is demonstrated through a set of related images, which implicitlyRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi1017 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis pepper identifies and analyses some of the highlights found in the culture narrative of a visual comic memoir titled Ã¢â¬Å"The Complete PersepolisÃ¢â¬ by Marjane Satrapi, and a culture storyline, Ã¢â¬Å"Code WhiteÃ¢â¬ by Debra Anderson. Starting with Ã¢â¬Å"The Complete PersepolisÃ¢â¬ the book is about SatrapiÃ¢â¬â¢s experience as she transitions from a young woman into adulthood in Rasht, Ira n and Vienna, Australia during and after the Islamic and culture revolution between the periods of 1979-1995. The first publishedRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi1185 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThere are certain countries that are ran through dictatorship, they abuse the power they have to the country. In the story, The Complete Persepolis written by Marjane Satrapi, she changes the view towards Iran through occurrences and eastern fundamentalist ideas. In 1979, there was the Islamic revolution in Iran. This year was the year that was going to have many changes to the country. In chapter one of the Veil, there are characters and their freedom of expression being repressed as well as theRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi944 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Complete Persepolis, written by Marjane Satrapi is a graphic novel that illustrates the authors unforgettable and very rough childhood while growing up in Tehran, Iran during the Islamic Revolution. The book was basically set up with events as the chapters. For example, the chapter Ã¢â¬Å"The KeyÃ¢â¬ describes how plastic keys were handed to the young soldiers as their way to heaven when they died. This is what they were told at least. The book starts when Marji is 10 years old, which isRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis Marjane Satrapi Analysis1072 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn her graphic novel Ã¢â¬Å"The Complete Persepolis,Ã¢â¬ Marjane Satrapi explores different identities and works through troubling hardships as she comes closer to who she truly is as an educated Iranian woman. Satrapi expresses the many trials and tribulations she endured while living in and out of Iran during parts of the Islamic Revolution, all whilst trying to find her identity as a child, tee nager, and adult. Although she loses herself along the way, she always finds her true identity and self-worthRead MoreMarjane Satrapi s Story Of The Complete Persepolis Essay1022 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesan unfriendly world. This is not a fictitious story. This is an actual event that happened to the author of The Complete Persepolis. Marjane Satrapi, the author of The Complete Persepolis, grew up during the 1979 Revolution. This event changed many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, either it was for the better or worse is hard to say. Nevertheless, it influenced Satrapi s whole life. In the book, Satrapi expresses her childhood memories through her eyes as a child. Her experiences and ancestry can be clearly shownRead MoreThe Complete Persepolis By Marjane Satrapi And I Am Nujood1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe patriotism that the country gives. Having these ideals one can see that some Americans are even question their own culture, and are constantly changing it due to the surge of countercultures and trend setters. From the texts The Complete Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi and I Am Nujood by Nujood Ali one can observe how western culture has affected people who are not raised within Iranian and Yemini cultures, and it grants a glimpse into other cultures and their beliefs. Despite the culture shock in
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1820 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/04/12 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Stereotypes Essay Did you like this example? Introduction TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s youth have been told ever since they were very young that teenagers are violent, rude, and compulsive. Young children are still very reliant on adults which creates a deep trust to form between them and a need to conform to those adultsÃ¢â¬â¢ view of the world. Therefore, when they are exposed to negative teenage stereotypes by adults around them or the media, they can easily accept it as a fact. Thus, when those children become teenagers, they are more likely to feel the need to conform to the stereotypes. Teens can be very strong, powerful activists and problem solvers. However, constantly putting them down for not having anything worthwhile to say is a loss to society. These stereotypes did not rest well with many teenagers throughout the country. Ã¢â¬Å"One youth from Montreal, aged 15, sums up the feelings of many teens: Ã¢â¬ËTodayÃ¢â¬â¢s youths are intelligent but some adults donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to think so. We are people too. Youths are discriminated against and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not right. To get through to young people, you have to listen to them, trust them, and respect them. The way I look and the music I listen to does not make me a Ã¢â¬Å"badÃ¢â¬ person. I am my own person.Ã¢â¬â¢ (E., 2011).Ã¢â¬ Through this, she implies that she had been looked down upon by others due to the way she presents herself and her physical appearance. This is an example of a situation where assumptions are being made before even getting to know anything about her. In addition, the mere fact that this girl decided to speak up against a flaw in our society in an effort to spread awareness about this topic displays a higher maturity than what she claims is expected of her. Thus, this girl, along with many, many more, is an example of a mature individual who commands respect. However, these negative stereotypes cause them to feel bad about who they are as people which is unacceptable. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "How Do Stereotypes Impact On Teenagers?" essay for you Create order Many teens try to break these stereotypes by being very conscience of where they go and what they do in public. According to Shanyang Zhao, a professor of sociology at Temple University, Ã¢â¬Å"Through both verbal and nonverbal behaviors, others convey to us, either purposefully or unwittingly, their appraisals of our self-presentations, which in turn shape how we view ourselves (Zhao, 2005).Ã¢â¬ This illustrates how people express how they feel about someone through nonverbal, and thus socially acceptable manners. This causes teens to become more conscious of what they do in public and how their actions may be perceived. For example, they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t look at their phone in public or steer clear of typical teenage hangout spots. They have no choice but to put all that effort in in order to be given the same respect as any adult receives automatically. Teenagers who suffer from being stereotyped based on their race and age, remain affected negatively today both socially and health wise. Racial Stereotyping One form of stereotyping that affects teens is stereotyping based on their race. Each race comes with its own set of different stereotypes. For example, some of these stereotypes include not being intellectual or hardworking. This is extremely difficult for people to experience because it is making them feel bad about something they can not change and have no control over. Ones race is part of their identity; who they are or who they choose to be, meaning, other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s race is their perception of an aspect of who that specific individual is. This can stay with someone for their whole life because it will cause them to devalue themselves if they buy into the stereotype. Therefore, expressing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s negative perception of who someone is, not only is insulting the person, but also making them feel bad about their own identity. According to Corey Columb, a professor in the psychology department at Prairie View AM University, states, Ã¢â¬Å"Across two studies we examined whether exposure to Obama, a positive and counter-stereotypic exemplar, reduced implicit anti-Black evaluative bias and racial stereotyping. Additionally, we evaluated whether reactions to exposure to Obama were moderated by peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s explicit feelings about Obama or their perceptions of his stereotypicality. In Study 2, we extended our scope to evaluate whether a positive but stereotypic Black exemplar, Kobe Bryant, had similar effects as Obama on implicit responses. We found that exposure to either Bryant or Obama, following exposure to negative Black exemplars, caused a reduction in implicit anti-Black evaluative bias and racial stereotyping, relative to a control condition.Ã¢â¬ Through these findings, one can assume that stereotypes are made based on the type of information a person is presented with about a certain group of peo ple. In addition, we can assume that people start to destroy these negative stereotypes about different races when they receive information and learn more from interracial influencers who shed light on the positive aspects of a certain racial group. Social Lense Negative stereotyping occurs when people who do not have experiences with or are not exposed to a certain group of people in their daily lives are shown that group of people in a negative light; usually through means of media. Through that, assumptions are formed, not necessarily based on fact but on media portrayals. The stimulus material, Attitude Towards Muslim Women in the West offers one example of how people are affected by stereotyping and prejudice. This particular passage discusses how the western world viewed muslim women based on media portrayals and the actions of a radical minority. This can be compared to the stereotyping of teenagers, although teens would likely be more dramatically affected. This is because of the emotional and psychological changes they experience at that age. It leads to a stage of insecurity and constant self awareness, making them more reliant on othersÃ¢â¬â¢ approval as validation. Much like what Corey Columb previously discussed, the journal o f social cognition states, Ã¢â¬Å"African AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ self-concept is susceptible to pervasive cultural stereotypes. However, exposure to in-group exemplars such as Barack Obama as a prominent, admired African American may be accessible enough to attenuate the detrimental effects of stereotypes. In two experiments, African-American adolescent and adultÃ¢â¬ ¦ participants were provided with information about outstanding successes and societal contributions of Obama as a single in-group exemplar or multiple in-group exemplars Then, participants reported the extent to which they associated their self-concept with stereotypes. The Pilot Experiment supported an Ã¢â¬ËObama effectÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬âAfrican-American adolescents exhibited less self-stereotyping after exposure to Obama, when compared to those in a control condition. The Main Experiment demonstrated that exposure to Obama or multiple exemplars yielded less self-stereotyping, but only among strongly identified African Americans. Implications for the importance of role models in combating the effect of stigma on the self-concept are discussed (Rivera, 2016).Ã¢â¬ This demonstrates how teenagers stereotype themselves less often when they have a role model who challenges stereotypes that they suffer from. This can give teenagers more confidence which can help them overcome social anxiety and overall have a better, more positive outlook on life. This could help them succeed in their daily lives simply because they believe they can. Mental Health Mental health has been known to affects oneÃ¢â¬â¢s physical and emotional wellbeing. When someone believes something to be true, they will change to accommodate it. This process may not necessarily be an intentional transition but it occurs subconsciously nonetheless. This is what happens when teens begin to believe the stereotypes being imposed on them. This leads to a lower self esteem and can lead to the development of things like anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. These have become very prominent in our present day society. According to Mental Health America (MHA), 13.2 percent of the United States population identifies as black or african american and 16 percent of that group of people has been diagnosed with a mental illness in the past year alone. From this statistic, one can clearly see that mental health is a very prominent issue. Having that many people being affected within a specific race can lead to the assumption that that common factor is more than just a coi ncidence. According to Erin M. Rodriguez, a psychologist, Ã¢â¬Å"Externalizing problems during adolescence interfere with positive development and increase risk for other mental health problems, such as depression Strong interpersonal skills and positive parenting reduce risk for depressionÃ¢â¬ ¦ and strong interpersonal skills may be especially protective in the context of high levels of externalizing problems by counteracting other risks conferred by externalizing problems (Rodriguez, 2015).Ã¢â¬ Much like what Zhao stated, Rodriguez discusses how outside influences can have an effect on teens and specifically how their mental health can be negatively affected. On the other hand, positive outside influences such as the ones Rodriguez mentions, can make teens less prone to depression. These positive influences do not necessarily have to be about the fact that they are teens but can be associated with any aspect of their identity. Teens can experience a boost in self esteem and ultimately i mprove their mental health and lead better, more positive lives. Conclusion One solution to this issue is to create a supportive environment with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s peers. Gathering a group of friends or classmates that one is comfortable with is very important. These people would be about the same age, and therefore, going through similar problems they can relate to each other on. This creates a form of support group where teenagers can find comfort and acceptance in their personal lives. However, a limitation to this is that not all people would be as supportive as others. An implication to this solution is that the group of teenagersÃ¢â¬â¢ frustration with being stereotyped can mold their Ã¢â¬ËsupportÃ¢â¬â¢ group into a group where resentment lingers towards those who stereotyped them. Another solution is to promote self empowerment movements on social media. This would be very effective because social media is a platform where positive thinking and reassurance can thrive. It is also very convenient due to the constantly developing technology that has made it possible to access social media almost anywhere. Through self empowerment movements, teens can find people outside their personal circle who are experiencing similar things and support each other. Having someone you do not know on your side can be very endearing to many people. This is because having an unbiased source tell them that it is not their fault can be much more relieving than someone they know and can not necessarily tell if they are just trying to make them feel better. A limitation to this solution is that promotions would cost money. An implication to this solution is that an excess of self pride my reach a point where it is perceived as arrogance. This can lead to the opposite extreme where they may bring others down; beginning the cycle all over again. Thus, teenagers are facing ageist and racial stereotyping that is negatively affecting their mental health and social abilities.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
CHAPTER 1 Introduction and Literature Review 1.1 Motivation Approximately one in every three adultÃ¢â¬â¢s ages 20 years old and older are diagnosed with high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertension affects 78 million people in the United States and is equally prevalent in both men and woman (Crabtree et al., 2013). Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (Hajjar Kotchen, 2003). It can lead to stroke, myocardial infarction, renal failure, heart failure, neurological issues, and death if not detected early and not treated properly (James, Oparil, Carter, et al., 2014). Approximately 9.4 million deaths in 2010 were attributed to high blood pressure (Angell, De Cock, Frieden, 2015). About 54% of strokes, 47% of coronary heart disease, and 25 % of other cardiovascular diseases are attributed to high blood pressure (Arima, Barzi, Chalmers, 2011). Factors that contribute to hypertension are age, ethnicity, gender, and lifestyles as shown in Figure 1 (Yoon, Burt, Louis, Carroll, 2012). While the prevalence of hypertension is relatively equal among men and women, certain ethnicities have a higher propensity for developing hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension in African-Americans is among the highest in the United States for a single ethnic group (Ferdinand Armani, 2007). In the United States, around 78% of people suffering from hypertension are aware of their condition, with only 68% using hypertensive medications to control their bloodShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Hypertension On Patients With Hypertension1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Running head: GARLIC IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION !1 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Garlic in Patients with Hypertension Alexandria Jean Cruz ? Remington College ? September 21, 2015 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Running head: GARLIC IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION !2 Introduction Hypertension is one of the most influential risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which can quickly threaten human health. In 2013 more than 360,000 American deaths involvedRead MoreLifestyle Modifications : Provider Adherence1492 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLifestyle Modifications: Provider Adherence to JNC7 Guidelines Introduction Hypertension, a condition more commonly known as high blood pressure, is a major risk factor for many medical diseases and comorbidities. Hypertension affects 1 of 3 American adults each year, leading to comorbidities such as heart disease, coronary artery disease, stroke, and kidney disease. The treatment of hypertension totals $46 billion annually (CDC High Blood Pressure Facts, 2015). Clinical treatment guidelinesRead MoreRisk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCritical Analysis Introduction Hypertension impacts nearly 25% of the adult population around the world. It is considered one of the foremost risk factors for mortality, and is responsible for 13.5% of all deaths. In addition, half of all strokes and ischemic cardiac disease are triggered from high blood pressure (Pepin et al.2014). According to the newest guidelines, hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 or a diastolic blood pressure greater than orRead MoreHypertension Risk And Management Guidelines Essay1616 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRunning head: HYPERTENSION RISK AND MANAGEMENT 1 HYPERTENSION RISK AND MANAGEMENT 2 Hypertension Risk and Management Isatu Mansaray-Colbert Indiana State University Introduction Hypertension is an acute and life-threatening condition that requires prompt treatment and is highly evaluate in urgency (Neutel Campbell, 2009). Hypertension is a condition that increases the risks of stroke and heart disease. Approximately 40% of the US population had hypertensive diseaseRead MoreAlcoholism And Hypertension : The Rising Concerns Of National And Global Health Essay1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAlcoholism and Hypertension Introduction Alcohol and hypertension are two rising concerns in national and global health. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014), 56.9% of adults in the United States have participated in drinking in the last month. Furthermore, 24.7% adults reported to participating in heavy or binge drinking. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that in 2012, 3.3 million deaths or 5.9% of all global deaths were linked to alcoholRead More Social Health Research Essay1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction This study aims at providing insight and documentation into the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of cardiovascular disease, the global leading cause of death. Data shows that a large percentage of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is preventable, however, the numbers continue to rise (WHO, 2011). The first part of the report will explain CVD and discuss the related economic burden. Next, relevant literature is reviewed to report on previous studies of the same subject. Finally, the study paradigmsRead MoreEffects Of Dash Diet On African Americans Essay1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDASH DIET ON AFRICAN AMERICAN HYPERTENSIVE ADULTS INTRODUCTION Hypertension (HTN) is a chronic cardiovascular condition that is characterized by high blood pressure. The blood pressure commonly abbreviated as BP is a measure of the force exerted on the blood vessels as the blood passes through them. The amount of blood pumped and the narrowness of onesÃ¢â¬â¢ vessels are directly proportional to the blood pressure (Mayoclinic staff, 2014). Hypertension affects 1 in every 3 adults in the United StatesRead MoreThe Major Goals Of Health Promotion1654 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOverview/Introduction Ã¢â¬Å"The major goals of health promotion are to help people of all ages stay healthy, optimize health in cases of chronic disease or disability, and create healthy environmentsÃ¢â¬ (Pender et al., 2015). This health promotion project is designed to identify and reduce the risk factors associated with several illnesses and disease processes. This project will focus on changing lifestyle behaviors and providing up to date education for the patient to make the best informed decision regardingRead MoreThe Management Of Co Morbidities : America Is An Escalating Dilemma For Advance Practice Nurses1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction The management of co-morbidities in America is an escalating dilemma for advance practice nurses (APNs). As an advance practice nurse (APN) continues to expand in her direct care role the depth and breadth of his/her advanced practice will focus on ongoing management and care of diverse populations that present to the APNs practice with hypertension and other co-morbidities which must be treated suitably with the best evidenced based approach and current guidelines aimed at promotionRead MoreResearch Critique Essay example1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesStatement/Purpose 1 Literature Review 2 Limitations of the Study 2 Hypothesis/Research Question 3 Operational Definitions/Definition of Terms 4 Research Design 5 Setting, Population and Sample 5 Data Collection Methods/Instruments 6 Data Analysis, Findings, Implications, Recommendations 7 References 8 Quantitative Article Critique of Nursing Research The article selected for review in this investigation
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Akinwumi IfeOluwa Cause and effect essay Why students cheat In 2008 behavioral economist Dan Ariely of Duke University and his colleagues described what happened when they asked college students to solve math puzzles for cash rewards. When the researchers changed the experimental conditions such that the students assumed the examiner could not detect cheating, the average self- reported test score rose significantly. The researchers determined that the scores were not inflated by a few students who cheated a lot but rather by many students heating a little. Cheating is a form of dishonesty which could involve academic dishonesty such as plagiarism. There are several reasons why students cheat, reasons such as constant pressure; both from parents and peers, lack of confidence in their ability, it often provides the easiest way out, laziness, procrastination and many more. Fast facts provide that cheating is astoundingly common, a survey also reveals that about three fourths of 1,800 s tudents at nine universities admitted to heating both in assignments and tests. We will write a custom essay sample on Cheating or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Students often cheat because of constant pressure; pressure from parents, pressure from friends. Parent often pressurize their children to do well academically and many parents put intense pressure on their children to earn perfect grades, no matter the cost, however, many parents often rely mostly on the grades rather than what they gain from school. Parents often tend to fill their childrens head with some horror stories about people who do not o through college, often telling them that they would end up on the streets and they would become a nuisance to the society.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Jefferson About Education Thomas Jefferson believed that universal education would have to precede universal suffrage. The ignorant, he argued, were incapable of self-government. But he had profound faith in the reasonableness and teachableness of the masses and in their collective wisdom when taught. He believed that the schools should teach reading, writing, and arithmetic. Also, the children should learn about Grecian, roman, English, and American History. Jefferson believed the nation needed public schools scattered around, for all male citizens to receive free education. By 1789, the first law was passed in Massachusetts to reaffirm the colonial laws by which towns were obligated to support a school. This law was ignored. Private schools were opened only to those who could afford to pay them. In the middle states religious groups opened most schools. Not many schools or institutions were opened to the nonwealthy people. The women, blacks, and Indians were not able to go to school. It was not until the early 1900's that the Nation began making academies for females, because government thought that they needed to be educated mothers to educate their children. Jefferson believed in the "Republican Mother". Later, many 19th century reformers believed in the power of education to reform and redeem- to release a blame or debt, to buy back- "backward" people. As a result, they generated a growing interest in Indian Education. Jefferson and his followers believed that the Native Americans were "noble savages", they hoped that schooling the Indians in white culture would "uplift"- to improve the spiritual, social, or intellect condition- the tribes. But the states and local government did little to support education. Unlike the women and Indians, blacks had no support at all. There were no efforts to educate enslaved African Americans, mostly because their owner preferred that they remain ignorant and this presumably less likely to rebel. By 1815 there were 30 secondary private schools in Massachusetts, 37 in New York, and many others scattered all around the nation. They were mostly aristocratic; they were not many that were public. Higher education similarly diverged from Republican ideals. The number of colleges and universities in America grew substantially; they went from nine of the time of the Revolution, to twenty-two in 1800, and after that increased steadily. Scarcely more than one white man in a thousand, had access to any college education, and those few who did attend universities were almost without exception members of prosperous, propertied families. Jefferson strongly believed that the nation's future depended, in great part, on the nation's education. He said in 1782, "Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the people alone. The people themselves, therefore, are its only safe depositories. And to render even them safe, their minds must be improved to a certain degree". He believed that in order for people to trust the people who are in charge of their government, they need to have some kind of education, to be able to make decisions based on their knowledge. Jefferson also believed that there wasn't any freedom without education. He said, " If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a civilization, it expects what it never was and never will be". By this, he means that in order for the people to want a free nation and expect for great things to happen, they need to have some education. If they don't want an education, then they are just going to always dream and never get anywhere. The Connecticut school master and lawyer Noah Webster, said that the American schoolboy should be educated as a nationalist. "As soon as he opens his lips", Webster wrote, " he should rehearse the history of his own country". Every citizen was to be educated to some degree. For the less wealthy people, to also have some education. Jefferson believed that the nation really needed to have schools. He wanted for the poor and rich to have some kind of Education, not only for themselves, but also for the nation's future.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
14 Classic Gift Ideas for College Graduation Graduating from college is often one of the most important milestones in someones life. Finding the perfect college graduation gift to match such a momentous occasion, however, can be a bit tricky. These 14 graduation gift ideas are classic, affordable, and practically guaranteed to work for any situation. Classic College Graduate Gifts Diploma frame from the graduates school: whether your graduate is going to run her own company or have a small office in a mega-company somewhere, theyll most likely want to display their diploma proudly for all to see- and for years to come. Many campus bookstores offer diploma frames with college or university logos that will add that extra pop to your graduates official degree.Shadow box: many craft and frame stores offer shadow boxes: a box that has one side made of glass (made to look like a frame) that you can hang on a wall. Create a special one tailored just for your graduate- with mementos, college insignia, and even sports paraphernalia, if appropriate. As a bonus, shadow boxes work well in an office or your graduates new apartment.Digital frame: your graduate undoubtedly has quite a few digital photos from their time in college; a digital frame can quickly turn into a great photo album of sorts that documents their time in school. Dont forget to add a few photos beforehand to get things started! College memorabilia: this can include anything that best fits your graduates personality and interests: a sweatshirt, a workout outfit, a duffel/travel bag, an alumni bumper sticker, a portfolio, or even a clock. Many campus bookstores stock up on these kinds of items around graduation day, so there should be plenty to choose from.Gift for a new apartment: is your new graduate moving out from the residence hallsÃ and into a new place? Consider getting something that will work in a new apartment, like a portable toolkit, a gift certificate to a store like IKEA or Home Depot, or even a traditional item like bread and salt (or other culturally appropriate gifts).A classic book: your graduate spent the last several years reading hundreds of things to earn their degree, but books that help reinforce the basics are always a smart gift idea. Oh, the Places Youll Go! by Dr. Seuss and The Missing Piece Meets the Big O by Shel Silverstein are timeless graduation presents.Your favorite cookbo ok: your graduate may have eaten on-campus food, fast food, and overall-just-not-so-great food over the past several years. Why not buy a new copy of your favorite cookbook to help get them started as they learn to cook for themselves? Or, better yet, pass along your own cookbook, complete with notes you write in, for an even more personal touch. A recipe box or binder full of family recipes: this may take some time to put together, but its definitely worth the extra effort. Put together a recipe box or binder full of your favorite recipes, your family recipes, or even recipes from friends. This personalized collection can help your graduate learn how to cook meals that are familiar and delicious.Things to use in their new city or at graduate school: is your graduate moving to Boston, Washington, D.C. or New York City?Ã Consider buying them subway fare cards or even a monthly pass. Other locale-specific gifts, like a Zagat book or Thomas Guide, can be incredibly helpful- and appreciated!- as your graduate starts their new life in a new city.Business card holder: your graduate might be working for a non-profit or for corporate America. Either way, theyll probably have business cards theyll want to hand out at conferences, meetings, and other business events. Consider buying a small, nice, classic business card holder- some c an even be personalized- as an inexpensive but highly useful graduation present. Briefcase or a nice bag: While a briefcase is a traditional gift for a law school graduate, it can also be a great gift for any college graduate. Dont worry about needing to buy the nicest, brand-name, all-leather bag you can find, either; messenger bags and other options might work, too, depending on your graduates career field and geographic location.Engraved pen: This is one gift that never goes out of fashion. Many companies offer very nice, classic-looking pens that can also be engraved. (Some college bookstores, too, offer similar pens with tiny college logos somewhere on them.) These pens work well for business- and, of course, your graduates first day of work.Classic piece of jewelry: A pearl necklace, diamond earrings or bracelet, or even a ring with gemstones that match your graduates school colors are practically guaranteed to be a hit. Your graduate will have something to remember their special day with- and a piece of new jewelry to boot!A family memento or heirloom: Col lege graduation day is a big day for both your graduate and their family. Consider gifting something that has been passed along in the family- a piece of jewelry, an old book or diary, a photo album, or a piece of military memorabilia, for example- to mark your graduates transition from dependent student to independent, college-educated adult.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Macroeconomic Situation - Essay Example make up for lowering tax revenues, US local government fired various workers and educators and payrolls were lowered which hampered consumer spending (Homan, 2010). Moreover, the value of dollar is declining against many other currencies and it is expected that Fed will pursue a new round of large-scale asset purchase. Felsenthal and Costa (2010) argues that decline in the value of Dollar is the result of FedÃ¢â¬â¢s easy money policy because investors moved out of dollars and invested in other currencies to achieve higher returns. They also highlighted that Federal Open Market Committee (2010) has decided to employ its own policy tools because FOMC seems to have an explicit easing bias. The inflation expectations in US are increasing and investors are showing their concerns that Federal ReserveÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to revive the economy will further drive up the inflation and it is expected that Fed is going to use tools like quantitative easing (Mackenzie, 2010). Developed nations usu ally use advanced tools of monetary policy like quantitative easing which is an asset purchase program (Rashid, 2010). Therefore, if expansionary policy is pursed then it is expected that tax cut would increase the household consumer spending and government spending would stimulate the economy by improving the demand and supply sides, thereby, helping the US economy to spur its recovery. In order to recover from recession, U.S. Congress has two fiscal policy tools including tax policy and government spending. Carreira (2010) argues that debates in Washington on fiscal policy have been always over the mix of government spending and tax cuts. He argues that US Congress should adopt the Keynes model and to stimulate the US economy, government spending should increase and taxes should be cut. Treasury Secretary, GeithnerÃ¢â¬â¢s recommendation to US Congress to extend expiring tax cuts for the middle class (Smith, 2010) is another good recommendation. Actually by bringing back Americans to work will